A mule is the offspring of a male donkey "Anatomy of a jack ass" and a female horse mare. Of the two F1 hybrids first generation hybrids between these two species, a mule is easier to obtain than a hinnywhich is the offspring of a female donkey jenny and a male horse stallion. The size of a mule and work to which it is put depend largely on the breeding of the mule's female parent dam.
Mules can be lightweight, medium weight Anatomy of a jack ass when produced from draft horse mares, of moderately heavy weight. The mule is valued because, while it has the size and ground-covering ability of its dam, it is stronger than a horse of similar size and inherits the endurance and disposition of the donkey sire, tending to require less food than a horse of similar size.
Mules also tend to be more independent than most domesticated equines other than its parental species, the donkey. A female mule that has estrus cycles and thus, in theory, could carry a fetus, is called a "molly" or "Molly mule", though the term is sometimes used to refer to female mules in general.
Pregnancy is rare, but can occasionally occur naturally as well as through embryo transfer. A male mule is properly called a Anatomy of a jack ass muleAnatomy of a jack ass often called a john mulewhich is the correct term for a gelded mule.
A young male mule is called a mule coltand a young female is called a mule filly. With its short thick head, long ears, thin limbs, small narrow hooves, and short manethe mule shares characteristics of a donkey. In height and body, shape of neck and rumpuniformity of coat, and teeth, it appears horse-like. The mule comes in all sizes, shapes and conformations. There are mules that resemble huge draft horses, sturdy quarter horsesfine-boned racing horses, shaggy ponies and more.
The mule is an example of hybrid vigor. That a hybrid should possess more reason, memory, obstinacy, social affection, powers of muscular endurance, and length of life, than either of its parents, seems to indicate that art has here outdone nature. The mule inherits from its sire the traits of intelligence, sure-footedness, toughness, endurance, disposition, and natural cautiousness. From its dam it inherits speed, conformation, and agility.
That said, there is a lack of robust scientific evidence to back up these claims. There is preliminary data from at least two evidence based studies, but they rely on a limited set of specialized cognitive tests and a small number of subjects. Handlers of working animals generally find mules preferable to horses: Their hooves are harder than horses', and they show a natural resistance to disease and insects. Many North American farmers with clay soil found mules superior as plow animals.
A mule does not sound exactly like a donkey or a horse. Instead, a mule makes a sound that is similar to a donkey's but also has the whinnying characteristics of a horse often starts with a whinny, ends in a hee-haw. The coats of Anatomy of a jack ass come in the same varieties as those of horses. Common colors are sorrelbayblackand grey.
Less common are whiteroanspalominodunand buckskin. Least common are paint mules or tobianos. Mules from Appaloosa mares produce Anatomy of a jack ass colored mules, much like their Appaloosa horse relatives, but with even wilder skewed colors.
The Appaloosa color is produced by a complex of genes known as the Leopard complex Lp. Mares homozygous for the Lp gene bred to any color donkey will produce a spotted mule.
Mules historically were used by armies to transport supplies, occasionally as mobile firing platforms for smaller cannons, and to pull heavier field guns with wheels over mountainous trails such as in Afghanistan during the Second Anglo-Afghan War. Mules and hinnies have 63 chromosomesa mixture of the horse's 64 and the donkey's The different structure Anatomy of a jack ass number usually prevents the chromosomes from pairing up properly and creating successful embryos, rendering most mules infertile.
There are no recorded cases of fertile mule stallions.
A few mare mules have produced offspring when mated with a purebred horse or donkey. AristotleHistoria animalium6. As of Octoberthere had been only 60 documented cases of mules birthing foals since One of the foals was a female, sired by a jack.
Unlike its mother, it was sterile. The other, sired by a five-gaited Saddlebred stallion, exhibited no characteristics of any donkey. That horse, a stallion, was bred to several mares, which gave birth to live foals that showed no characteristics of the donkey. In the second half Anatomy of a jack ass the 20th century, widespread usage of mules declined in industrialized countries.
The use of mules for farming and transportation of agricultural products largely gave way to steam then gasoline powered tractors and trucks. These hobby breeders began to "Anatomy of a jack ass" better mares for mule production until today's modern saddle mule emerged.
Exhibition shows where mules pulled heavy loads have now been joined with mules competing in Western and English pleasure riding, as well as dressage and show jumping competition. There is now a cable TV show dedicated to the training of donkeys Anatomy of a jack ass mules. Mules, once snubbed at traditional horse shows, have been accepted for competition at the most exclusive horse shows in the world in all disciplines.
Mules are still used extensively to transport cargo in rugged roadless regions, such as the large wilderness areas of California's Sierra Nevada mountains or the Pasayten Wilderness of northern Washington state. Commercial pack mules are used recreationally, such as to supply mountaineering base camps, and also to supply trail building and maintenance crews, and backcountry footbridge building crews.
Amish farmers, who reject tractors and most other modern
Anatomy of a jack ass for religious reasons, commonly use teams of six or eight mules to pull plows, disk harrowsand other farm equipment, though they use horses for pulling buggies on the road. During the Soviet—Afghan Warthe United States used large numbers of mules to carry weapons and supplies over Afghanistan's rugged terrain to the mujahideen.
A mule train is a connected or unconnected line of pack mulesusually carrying cargo. Because of the mule's ability to carry at least Anatomy of a jack ass much as a horse, their trait of being sure-footed along with their tolerance of poorer coarser foods and abilities to tolerate arid terrains, mule trains were common caravan organized means of animal powered bulk transport back into pre-classical times.
In many climate and circumstantial instances, an equivalent string of pack horses would have to carry more fodder and sacks of high energy grains such as oatsso could carry less cargo. In modern times, strings of sure footed mules have been used to carry riders in dangerous but scenic back country terrain such as excursions into canyons.
Mule trains have been part of working portions of transportation links as recently as by the
Anatomy of a jack ass Food Programme. In the nineteenth century, twenty-mule teamsfor instance, were teams of eighteen mules and two horses attached to large wagons that ferried borax out of Death Valley from to The wagons were among the largest ever pulled by draft animals, designed to carry 10 short tons 9 Anatomy of a jack ass tons of borax ore at a time.
Grand Canyon on the South Kaibab trail. Gotthard PassSwitzerland about White, Utah State University professor of animal science; and Dirk Vanderwall, University of Idaho assistant professor of animal and veterinary science. The baby mule, Idaho Gemwas born May 4.
It was the first clone of a hybrid animal. Veterinary examinations of the foal and its surrogate mother showed Anatomy of a jack ass to be in good health soon after birth. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Mule disambiguation. Working mule train, Nicaragua — In contrast, the digestive system of horses and to a lesser extent cattle are more dependent upon grasses, and evolved in climates where grasslands involved stands of grains and their high energy seed heads.
Many of the latter would only become widely available through the development of machinery processing cotton ginspinning jenny "Anatomy of a jack ass," etc. The waterproof qualities of beaver hats and coats was valuable in Anatomy of a jack ass days when transportation measured the six miles per hour of horsebacked travel as rapid transit.
Animal Agriculture Series Sixth ed. A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, and General. Archived from the original on American Donkey and Mule Society. Jeffrey; Birchler, James A. Polyploid and Hybrid Genomics. The Natural Superiority of Mules. Explicit use of et al.
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 13 July The Case of the Mule's Foal". Angeles Chapter Sierra Club. Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Hinny Lord Morton's mare Mule Zebroid. Humanzee Hybrid orangutan Koolakamba. Polecat-ferret hybrid Polecat-mink hybrid. ABC bear Grizzly—polar bear hybrid.
Species of the genus Equus. Western kiang Equus kiang kiang Eastern kiang Equus kiang holdereri Southern kiang Equus kiang polyodon. Cape mountain zebra Equus zebra zebra Hartmann's mountain zebra Equus zebra hartmannae. Equidae Evolution of the horse Wild horse Domestication of the horse. List of donkey breeds Donkey Zebra Onager.
Retrieved from " https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Anatomy of a jack ass Commons Wikispecies. This page was last edited on 13 Octoberat The American mammoth donkey, commonly known as the mammoth jack, American mammoth or American mammoth jack, is a landrace of North American.
Also known as jackass penguins, African penguins make donkey-like braying sounds. Learn more interesting African penguin facts at Animal. The legendary JACKASS crew are this week's special guests! Wee-Man, Chris Pontius, Danger Ehren, Preston Lacy, and Dave England aren't.
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A mule is the offspring of a male donkey jack and a female horse mare. Of the two F1 hybrids first period hybrids between these two species, a mule is easier to obtain than a hinny Stiff, which is the offspring of a female donkey jenny and a man's horse stallion.
The size of a mule and do aerobics to which it is put depend largely on the breeding of the mule's female fountain-head dam. Mules can be lightweight, instrumentality weight or when produced from plan horse mares, of moderately heavy persuasiveness. The mule is valued because, while it has the size and ground-covering ability of its dam, it is stronger than a horse of almost identical size and inherits the endurance and disposition of the donkey sire, tending to require slighter food than a horse of compare favourably with size.
Mules further tend to be more independent than most domesticated equines other than its parental species, the donkey. A female mule that has estrus cycles and thus, in theory, could carry a fetus, is alarmed a "molly" or "Molly mule", admitting that the term is sometimes used to refer to female mules in hybrid.
When you think of penguins, you may picture them surrounded nigh snow and ice. However, there is one species of penguins that is acclimated to warmer climates. African penguins live in colonies on the coast and islands of southern Africa. Too called jackass penguins, they force donkey-like braying sounds to make oneself understood. They can dive under hose for up to 2. They may also eat squid and crustaceans. The African penguin averages about 60 cm 2 ft.
The American mammoth donkey, commonly known as the mammoth jack , American mammoth or American mammoth jack , is a landrace of North American donkey , descended from multiple breeds of donkey imported to the United States. George Washington , with Henry Clay and others, bred for an ass that could be used to produce strong work mules. Washington was offering his jacks for stud service by Large breeds of asses were found in Kentucky by Breeds that influenced the mammoth jack include the Maltese donkey , Poitou donkey also sometimes called the mammoth donkey , Andalusian donkey , Majorcan donkey and Catalan donkeys.
Purebred and pedigreed specimens of the variety that conform to a published standard of characteristics are considered a formal breed , registered with the American Mammoth Jackstock Registry, commonly called by various names including American Mammoth Jackstock ,  Mammoth Jack stock and Mammoth Jack.
These breed designations may encompass females. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American mammoth donkey American Mammoth donkeys. Retrieved 8 August
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- ration for a horse will make a donkey obese, possibly Castrating the donkey or mule by the routine . The laryngeal anatomy of the donkey was described.
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